1. CAUSES OF REVOLT. The policy of annexation reached its climax when he implemented the policy of Doctrine […] Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. Satara, Jhansi, Sambalpur, Nagpur, etc. Savarkar, the great revolutionary, described this revolt as the first struggle for independence. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. Educated middle-class people also were behind the British power. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). On the other hand, some historians believe that it was more than just a sepoy mutiny as it had a large mass base. The war of 1857 was a great event that influenced the future course of history of sub- continent. Cause for Revolt- Economic and Military causes. Oct 18, 2020 - The Revolt of 1857 - Causes of failure and Consequences (Hindi) Humanities/Arts Video | EduRev is made by best teachers of Humanities/Arts. The Indian sepoys were treated with contempt by their European officers. Dr. Majumder thought that this was nothing but a revolt of the sepoy. Revolt of 1857 India:causes, effects, history, in Indian History / One of the important events of Indian history is the Revolt of 1857. DMPQ- What is QUAD ? It is considered as the country’s First War of Independence which was against the rule of the British.. Bahadur Shah was arrested. It was not planned and organized. They declared old Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah as the Badshah of India. Satara, Jhansi, Sambalpur, Nagpur, etc. See instructions, TSPSC Mains General Studies- PAPER-II: HISTORY, CULTURE AND GEOGRAPHY, TSPSC Group I Prelims Exam 2020- Test Series and Notes Program, TSPSC  Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program. Bahadur Shah, Nana Saheb, Lakshmi Bai, no one had acceptance as a real leader. The Revolt of 1857 had far-reaching consequences. Consequences of Revolt of 1857. This was unique. Gradually it spread from Punjab in the north to Narmada in south, from Rajputana in the west to Bihar in the east. Nature of the Great Revolt of 1857. It may be righty that they had no idea about national government, but nationalism was there. The Indian sepoys were treated with contempt by their European officers. Kunwar Singh, Bakht Khan of Bihar, Bahadur Khan, Moulavi Ahmed of Faizabad lost their lives one after the other. *When we talk about other countries lying inIndian sub continent Burma , Ceylon ,Singapore ,Nepal and Bhutan were the major countriesunderBritish. 3. The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The revolt began with a military mutiny, borne of festering grievances among the soldiers of the Bengal Army. 5. There was a clear lack of unity among the rebels and there was no common purpose among them during the revolt of 1857. causes of revolt of 1857 1. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. The British, opened a new avenue of exploitation … Unpopular revenue settlement 1. Discontinuation of the pension of the Peshwa Nana Sahib shocked the Marathas. The direct effects of the Revolt of 1857 may be summed up in the following words: First, the Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organization to rule over a country. The War of Independence is an important landmark in the history of Sub-Continent. Out of such discon­tent the Indian sepoys led to a mutiny. Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. The Revolt of 1857 was the first sign that the Indians wanted to end British rule and were ready to stand united for this cause. The imperialist policy of the East India Company was an important factor. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. Nov 23, 2018 • 1 h 19 m . Fresh army men came from Singapore. The second reason for this mass revolt was the unity among the Hindus and Muslims. There were several reasons behind the failure of this revolt. DMPQ: Social reform movements played their role in making of modern India. Title - Causes and Consequences of The Revolt of 1857 In this course, Akhilesh Yadav will discuss all the important points and concepts of The Revolt of 1857 from exam point of view. They might have been intended to modernise India but, at the same time, irritated and alienated some conservative elements who lost property, prestige and power by these measures. State the causes and consequences of revolt of 1857 Ask for details ; Follow Report by Shalutiwari036 09.02.2020 Log in to add a comment All these states came under British rule. British raj in rf india*British mostly lied on present countries ofIndia , Pakistan & Bangladesh . Thus was a great disparity in salaries between the Indian and European soldiers. Marxist writers looked at this event as uprising of peasants against feudal system of exploitation. 8 mins. One of the major reasons for the revolt was socio-religious policies of the British which included racial superiority and discrimination, missionary activities and deliberate efforts to subvert the religious beliefs of the people in India. The sepoys were sent to distant parts of the empire, but were not paid any extra allowance. Revolt of 1857 1. Kunwar Singh, Bakht Khan of Bihar, Bahadur Khan, Moulavi Ahmed of Faizabad lost their lives one after the other. Fresh army men came from Singapore. His commander Tantia Topi continued the fight up to April, 1859 A.D. and surrendered to the British force. Some of these acts were taken as deliberate blow at the Hindu religion, custom and right of inheritance. The British, opened a new avenue of exploitation on the peasants By introducing permanent settlement. Watch Consequences of Revolt of 1857 in English from Indian Freedom Movement and 1857 Revolt in India here. DMPQ: Enumerate the characteristics of 1857 revolt. Thus, from the above discussion, we can say that the main causes of the Revolt of 1857 were due to various policies introduced by the British, the rapid spread of English education, imposing of heavy duties. The revolt of 1857 A.D. was a collected effort of different sections of people. So it can be called a national movement. Indian sepoys were refused promotion in service as like their European counterparts. The sepoys had no improved arms with them. Daily RAS Mains Practice Questions- DMPQ- RAS Mains answer writting practice - RAS/RTS EXAM PREPARATION. Many of the innovations were introduced by Lord Dalhousie. Consequently the British Parliament by an Act transferred the control of the Indian government from the East India Company to the British Crown. Also read: Nature of Revolt of 1857 in India, Importance and Outcome of the Great Revolt of 1857. Money-lenders and traders emerged as the new landlords. The strong opposition to the social legislation especially coming from the orthodox elements in both the Hindu and the Muslim community put the British on the defensive. Enactment of some Acts greatly offended the sentiment of the people. Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi lost her life in the battle­ground. So it has been commonly termed as `Sepoy Mutiny‘. Explain the military causes which led to the revolt of 1857. As the revolt was started by the Indian sepoys in the British army, the revolt became known as Sepoy mutiny. Dalhousie through his policies had added considerable territories to the British Empire in India. To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! Savarkar called 1857 revolt as the First War of Indian Independence. Development of Education System in India during British Period, When was the French East India Company Formed, How did the British come to Rule in India, For How Many Years did the British Rule India, Great Revolt of 1857 (Causes, Nature, Importance, Outcome). Some historians are of opinion that the revolt in the North-Western province was a lawless revolt by a group of sepoys. 1857 revolt:causes and itsconsequences 2. There was no central organization of the sepoys. Exploitation of the Zamindars gave rise 10 landless laborers who became restless by and by. It can be said that the great revolt of 1857 A.D. was a failure, but was not fruitless. What Was The Causes Of The Revolt Of 1857 1699 Words | 7 Pages. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. Karl Marx in his several essays described this revolt as nationalist fight for independence. A lot of causes were there which had been causing grievances for quite some time. The British also possessed almost unlimited supplies of modern artillery to quickly suppress the 1857 Revolt. The direct effects of the Revolt of 1857 may be summed as follows: The Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organisation to rule over a country. He looked the palaces of Nagpur and Oudh. M.N. This was … Here, we briefly outline the Military factors which helped cause the revolt. The main causes were disunity of the Indians, lack of complete nationalism etc. They had different goals and times again they had contradictions. The sepoys established a symbol of Hindu-Muslim unity by electing Bahadur Shah as the Emperor of India. Causes of Failure of the Revolt of 1857. On the centenary of the great revolt Dr. Ramesh Chandra Majumder wrote and published a book entitled ‘Sepoy Mutiny’ and ‘Revolt of Eighteen Fifty Seven’. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. Huge numbers of Indians were thrown out of employment. This War is regarded as the most remarkable one which took place after the British came to India and began to establish their rule. So the defeat was almost certain. Roy said that it was the reaction of the feudal against capitalism. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… New groups of soldiers were sent to India after the end of Crimean war. The revolt did not spread to all the parts of India instead … On observing this historians thought that, up to this period there was no communal feelings among the masses. Revolt of 1857: Causes, Leaders Nature of the revolt • Revolt of 1857 began as a revolt of the sepoys but eventually secured the participation of the masses. Farmers and artisans put further force behind the mutiny. Not only the ruling house, but also the employees and other dependent families were deprived of their livings for the policy of Dalhousie. On 25th September British troops regained Delhi. Huge numbers of Indians were thrown out of employment. On application of the ‘Doctrine of Lapse’ or on the ground of mis-governance he annexed states after states deploring their rulers. A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. His maltreatment towards the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah-II hurt the sentiment of the Muslim community. But the planned revolt started at Meerut (May, 1857 A.D.). Enactment of some Acts greatly offended the sentiment of the people. There was no central organization of the sepoys. In his opinion it was nothing better than feudalistic reaction of the revolt. The standpoint from which it is mostly condemned is morality or moral grounds but there is no morality in empire building or politics. Military cause: The sepoys of the company regiment had been feeling dissatisfied with the English for various reasons. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. Causes for the Failure of Revolt of 1857. In loading the rifle the sepoy before inserting the cartridge had to bite off its top. 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